Platelet rich plasma (PRP) is a by-product of blood (plasma) that is rich in platelets. Until now, its use has been confined to the hospital setting. This was due mainly to the high cost of separating the platelets from the blood and the large amount of blood needed to produce a suitable quantity of platelets. New technology permits the doctor to harvest and produce a sufficient quantity of platelets from only 10 cc’s of blood drawn from the patient while they are having outpatient surgery.
The doctors and team at OMS of Utah recently completed a study to evaluate the use of PRP in pain reduction post wisdom teeth removal.
Why All The Excitement About PRP?
PRP permits the body to take advantage of the normal, wholistic healing pathways at a greatly accelerated rate. During the healing process, the body rushes many cells and cell-types to the wound in order to initiate the healing process. One of those cell types is platelets. Platelets perform many functions, including formation of a blood clot and release of growth factors (GF) into the wound. These GF (platelet derived growth factors PGDF, transforming growth factor beta TGF, and insulin-like growth factor ILGF) function to assist the body in repairing itself by stimulating stem cells to regenerate new tissue. The more growth factors released sequestered into the wound, the more stem cells stimulated to produce new host tissue. Thus, one can easily see that PRP permits the body to heal faster and more efficiently.
A subfamily of TGF, is bone morphogenic protein (BMP). BMP has been shown to induce the formation of new bone in research studies in animals and humans. This is of great significance to the surgeon who places dental implants. By adding PRP, and thus BMP, to the implant site with bone substitute particles, the implant surgeon can now grow bone more predictably and faster than ever before.
PRP Has Many Clinical Applications
PRP is used in the following procedures to accelerate and improve healing: wisdom teeth removal, bone grafting for dental implants, onlay and inlay grafts, sinus lift procedures, ridge augmentation procedures, closure of cleft lip and palate defects, repair of bone defects created by removal of teeth or small cysts and repair of fistulas between the sinus cavity and mouth.